American Dwarf Birch is a Multi-stemmed, thicket-forming shrub native to alpine and cold to cool temperate areas across North America. Mostly found in bogs and wetlands growimg alongside alders and willows; also occurs in a variety of habitats like forest and mountains, used for erosion control. The bark is smooth and brown with many large resin glands. Leaves are circular to oval and toothed. Many animals graze on American Dwarf Birch including elk, deer, caribou, moose, and other mammals. Used by grizzly bears to make their dens; hybridizes with B. Nana and B. papyrifera.
Botanical Name: Betula glandulosa Other Names: Resin Birch, Shrub Birch, Scrub Birch, Grandular Birch, Dwarf Birch Family: BetulaceaeNative to: Eastern North America, Interior North America, Western North America Eco benefits: erosion control Natural habitat: swamps & bogs, waters edge, inner forests, hillsides & uplands, floodplains Shapes: multi-stemmed, clump, upright Height: 3-10ft Common uses: reforestation, naturalized plantings, rain garden Light: full sun, partial shade Soil: moist and fertile, tolerates wet feet, wet