Black Cherry

  

(Prunus serotina )

Black cherry grows as a large tree up to 72 feet in in the mid west to eastern North America or as a shrub in cooler Northern temperatures. It can be found in upland sites, forest edges, and fence lines. The tree tolerates dry sites, alkalinity, and road salt but prefers slightly acidic to neutral soil that must be must be well drained.

Leaves are leathery, narrow and pointed at both ends; shinny, bright green on top, and pale underneath. Young bark is smooth, with horizontal lenticels becoming dark and very scaly with age. Showy White flowers in pendulous clusters appear after the first leaves in mid to late May.

Clusters of cherries are produced in late August to early September. The dark reddish-black, pea sized fruit is edible but very bitter. It can be used medicinally to make tonics, cough syrups, and sedatives. Fruit is widely consumed by birds and forest wildlife.

Black cherry wood is useful for furniture making, but has become more scarce. Care should be taken when planting black cherry on farmland or when using the tree around food since all parts except the cherry flesh are poisonous. This is due to hydrocyanic acid which is dangerous for cattle or humans.

References

The Arboretum - University of Guelph. (n.d.). Black Cherry - Prunus serotina. Retrieved from https://www.uoguelph.ca/arboretum/thingstosee/trees/blackcherry

The Morton Arboretum. (n.d.). Black cherry. Retrieved from https://www.mortonarb.org/trees-plants/tree-plant-descriptions/black-cherry

Natural Resources Canada. (2015). Black cherry. Retrieved from https://tidcf.nrcan.gc.ca/en/trees/factsheet/60

Tree Atlas - Onrario. (2020). Black cherry. Retrieved from https://www.ontario.ca/page/black-cherry